Los Angeles, with several independent record labels, was an important
center in the development of rhythm and blues.
"Now R&B started here in L.A.. Roy Milton was here, Joe Liggins was here, T-Bone Walker was here, Charles Brown was here, I was here, and others, too. By '48 or '49 it was set - we had an art form, though we didn't know it then... It was a hybrid form that began to emerge. It surely wasn't big band; it wasn't swing; it wasn't country blues. It was what was to become known as rhythm and blues, a hybrid form that became an art form in itself. It was the foundation of rock and roll... Rock and roll was a direct outgrowth of R&B. It took over all the things that made R&B different from big band swing: the afterbeat on a steady four; the influence of the boogie; the triplets on piano; eight-to-the-bar on the top hat cymbal; and the shuffle pattern of dotted eighth and sixteenth note"
Johnny Otis, bandleader and A&R man
Charles Brown Joe Liggins Johnny Otis Percy Mayfield
This club blues was popularized by Nat "King" Cole trio in the Forties and carried on by other West Coat performers, including Charles Brown, Percy Mayfield, and a young Ray Charles.Soft club blues shared a popularity popularity with dancehall R&B bands on the West Coast, including Johnny Otis' Caravan of Stars, a touring company that was both of the last of the great big band touring groups - a single band that backed a number of singers - and the forerunner of the rock and roll packages that crisscrossed the country with a full rooster of stars.